|Written by Anastacio Santana|
|Monday, 02 May 2011 16:11|
Birth rates and death of the last decades of the last century, show a natural growth average of 300 inhabitants per year.
The population is very unevenly distributed in the territory. The northern and southern fringes of mountainous coastal plains and low, respectively, are relatively unpopulated, and the population is concentrated toward the central belt of east-west axis coinciding with the main road, as well as the capital city. The average population density of 62.1 inhabitants / km ² although this figure is 6 698 inhabitants / km ² in the Armando Mestre Cast of the city, while in some mountainous areas does not exceed the 1 room. / Km ².
The age pyramid of the capital city of the municipality shows that the greatest number of people is between 25 and 34 years (15 305 inhabitants). In this segment of the population is concentrated 21.3% of the total population.
In recent decades there has been a decrease in birth rates, which combined with higher life expectancy, leading to a gradual aging of the population. An example of this is that there are more people in Trinidad over 65 years (6947 inhabitants), children under 5 years (4773 inhabitants), and this trend continues.
The municipality's housing stock is 20 990 households (18 768 households, 2 162 apartments and 60 huts and other) with a density of 16.92 dwellings per km ². The average occupancy rate of 3.37 people per household. Of these 13 650 are in good condition, 5 262 2 078 regular and in disrepair. Still exist in the municipality 2 067 houses whose floors are partially or entirely of earth.
After the measures taken by the country to face the economic difficulties of the special period, many Trinidadians began using their homes to exercise the lease, mainly to international tourism, as well as meet the growing demand for accommodation which can not be satisfied in full by the capacities of tourist facilities.
At the beginning of 2008, 432 homeowners exercised this form of self-employment, 85 of them rent their housing in local currency and foreign exchange 347 do. There are at lease 289 rooms, 137 homes complete and 6 spaces. The rental housing contributes significantly to the state budget on account of tax and income is also helping to raise the living standards of people linked to the activity.
However, if one considers that over 80% of these homes are located in the historic city center, in which the infrastructure (networks treated water supply, sewerage, electricity), was not designed to absorb that economic activity in the long run rental housing could become more harmful than beneficial to the Trinitarians is not created the necessary infrastructure for their support.